Title

Topic

  • ‘Accounting for Hydroclimatic Properties in Flood Frequency Analysis Procedures’

    “Flood hazard is typically evaluated by computing extreme flood probabilities from a flood frequency distribution following nationally defined procedures. … These procedures, also known as flood frequency analysis, typically recommend only one probability distribution family for all watersheds within a country or region. However, large uncertainties associated with extreme flood probability estimates (>50-year flood or Q50) can be further biased when fit to an inappropriate distribution model. … Here, we demonstrate that hydroclimatic parameters can aid in the selection of a parametric flood frequency distribution.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Hydrology and Earth System Sciences.

    Learn more

  • ‘Physical Activity-Related Individual Differences in Functional Human Connectome Are Linked to Fluid Intelligence in Older Adults’

    , , ,

    “The study examined resting state functional connectivity (rs-FC) associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MV-PA), sedentary time (ST), TV viewing, computer use and their relationship to cognitive performance in older adults. We used pre-intervention data from 119 participants from the Fit & Active Seniors trial. … Our findings suggest that greater functional integration within networks implementing top-down control and within those supporting visuospatial abilities, paired with segregation between networks critical and those not critical to top-down control, may help promote cognitive reserve in more physically active seniors.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Neurobiology of Aging.

    Learn more

    , ,
  • ‘Spin–Orbit Exciton–Induced Phonon Chirality in a Quantum Magnet’

    “Phonons are known as an important energy carrier and their interaction with electrons is critical for understanding exotic properties in correlated materials. … Chiral phonons arising from circular ionic motions alone would only exhibit a small magnetic moment. In contrast, chiral phonons reported recently in several classes of materials including the pseudogap phase of cuprates and topological semimetals exhibit surprisingly large moments. Here, we report studies of chiral phonons in CoTiO3, a quantum magnet that hosts interesting bosonic excitations such as topological magnons and spin–orbit excitons.” Find the paper and full list of authors at PNAS.

    Learn more

    ,
  • Wales will target ‘SHP-1 through a newfound metabolite-regulated cysteine activation site’

    “This new project is focused on chemical manipulation and characterization of SHP-1 based on recent insights, gained in large part from the development of mass spectrometry approaches to map small molecule covalent interactions proteome-wide done in the Chouchani laboratory. My research group will apply hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) mass spectrometry (MS) to investigate conformational changes of SHP-1 upon binding to itaconate and itaconate-mimetics to ascertain if SHP-1 activation leads to conformational rearrangement and then determine where those rearrangements take place within SHP-1. These HDX MS studies will provide solution-based measurements that will complement the X-ray crystallography studies of the same system.”

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Effect of Emotion Naming on Emotion Regulation in Younger and Older Adults’

    “Prior research has shown that naming one’s emotions before regulation has a detrimental effect on regulation success (Nook et al., 2020). … The aim of the current replication-extension study was to evaluate whether this effect would replicate in an older adult sample. Due to age-related changes in emotion regulation knowledge and behaviors, we hypothesized that age would moderate this effect. … However, contrary to our hypothesis, this effect was larger in older adults (d=.82) than younger adults (d=.41). These findings suggest that affect crystallization may be stronger or faster in older adulthood.” Find the paper and list of authors at Innovation…

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Associations Between Cognitive Resources and Emotion Regulation Tactics in an Adult Lifespan Sample’

    “The current study investigated how trait-level cognitive capacity relates to emotion regulation tactic preferences in everyday life in adulthood and old age. 51 younger adults (ages 18-39), 53 middle-aged adults (ages 40-59), and 55 older adults (ages 60+) completed measures of working memory and verbal fluency, as well as 21 days of experience sampling. On each survey, participants indicated if they had regulated since the last survey and if so, what emotion regulation strategies they used and how they implemented that strategy through specific emotion regulation tactics.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Innovation in Aging.

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Modeling the Role of Immune Cell Conversion in the Tumor-Immune Microenvironment’

    “Tumors develop in a complex physical, biochemical, and cellular milieu, referred to as the tumor microenvironment. Of special interest is the set of immune cells that reciprocally interact with the tumor, the tumor-immune microenvironment (TIME). … While tumor cells are known to induce immune cells to switch from anti-tumor to pro-tumor phenotypes, this type of ecological interaction has been largely overlooked. To address this gap in cancer modeling, we develop a minimal, ecological model of the TIME with immune cell conversion, to highlight this important interaction and explore its consequences.” Find the paper and authors list at Bulletin of Mathematical…

    Learn more

    , ,
  • ‘Switching the Spin Cycloid in BiFeO3 With an Electric Field’

    “Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) is a multiferroic material that exhibits both ferroelectricity and canted antiferromagnetism at room temperature, making it a unique candidate in the development of electric-field controllable magnetic devices. The magnetic moments in BiFeO3 are arranged into a spin cycloid, resulting in unique magnetic properties which are tied to the ferroelectric order. Previous understanding of this coupling has relied on average, mesoscale measurements. Using nitrogen vacancy-based diamond magnetometry, we observe the magnetic spin cycloid structure of BiFeO3 in real space.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Nature Communications.

    Learn more

  • Reality’s how we relate to it: Distinguished professor speaks at prestigious philosophy of mind lecture series

    Distinguished professor Lisa Feldman Barrett spoke on her concept of relational realism at the prestigious Rudolf Carnap Lecture series.

    Learn more

    , ,
  • This beer offers a window to the world. Northeastern professor’s book tracks ‘The Rise of Pilsner’

    Assistant teaching professor Malcolm Purinton’s book “Globalization in a Glass: The Rise of Pilsner Beer through Technology, Taste and Empire” traces pilsner’s impact through the global shifts of the 19th century.

    Learn more

  • Zheng receives Leadership for Inclusion and Diversity Award

    Yi Zheng, associate professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, received the 2024 Leadership for Inclusion and Diversity Award from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Asian American Pacific Islanders Commission. Zheng presented a speech at the 16th Annual Unity Dinner before Massachusetts Lieutenant Governor Kim Driscoll, State Treasurer Deborah B. Goldberg and State Auditor Diana DiZoglio. The award recognized Zheng “as an exceptional leader who has demonstrated an unwavering commitment to fostering inclusivity and diversity.”

    Learn more

    ,
  • Weng receives Food Allergy Science Initiative funding to understand role of phytochemicals in allergies

    “This project investigates the role of phytochemicals in food allergies, focusing on identifying plant secondary metabolites that influence allergic reactions and developing potential therapeutics for food allergies. Jing-Ke Weng’s lab aims to advance understanding of food allergy causes and mechanisms through interdisciplinary research on plant chemistry and its interaction with the human immune system, with the ultimate goal of creating new treatments for food allergies.”

    Learn more

    , ,
  • Learning how to help underserved communities get engaged in ‘a vibrant green economy’

    , ,

    “This research,” titled Kickstarting a Youth-Centered Green Economy for the Environmental Justice Community ff East Boston, funded by the NSF, “involves understanding how underserved communities get actively engaged in making the transition to a vibrant green economy with improved environmental conditions and community resilience to climate change. To accomplish this goal, the research engages local youth in constructive and productive activities involving urban farming, coastal restoration and social science-driven community engagement via a non-profit community entity (Eastie Farm).”

    Learn more

    ,
  • Weng receives USDA funding to explore cyclic peptide biosynthesis

    “Plants offer an enormous chemodiversity that is essential for discovering new medicines, with 25% of all FDA-approved drugs coming from plants. However, the production of plant-derived natural products faces significant challenges. Our research [explores] the biosynthesis and bioengineering of lyciumins and moroidins, two classes of branched cyclic peptides with potential pharmaceutical applications. Lyciumins, inhibitors of the human angiotensin-converting enzyme, come from the Goji berry, while moroidins, derived from the Australian stinging tree, exhibit anti-mitotic activities suitable for cancer therapy. … We propose to advance our understanding of RiPP diversity and biosynthesis, supporting new strategies for their engineering and application in…

    Learn more

    ,
  • Joshi, Nguyen receive patent for ‘therapeutic protein’-secreting bacteria

    Associate professor of chemistry and chemical biology Neel S. Joshi, with student Peter Nguyen, received a patent for “Engineered bacteria that secrete therapeutic polypeptides, pharmaceutical compositions comprising the bacteria, methods for producing recombinant polypeptides and methods for using the bacteria for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.”

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Multivariate Pattern Analysis ff Childhood Functional Brain Network Connectivity After Acute Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity’

    , , , ,

    “An acute bout of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) can transiently benefit mood and cognition, which may have a basis in resting-state functional brain network connectivity. Yet, little is known about how acute MVPA affects childhood network connectivity and no prior research has utilized a data-driven approach. … With multivariate pattern analysis of functional connectivity, we aimed to characterize the modulation of childhood neural networks resultant from acute MVPA.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

    Learn more

    , ,
  • Patent for network slicing policies

    , ,

    “Electrical and computer engineering assistant research professor Salvatore D’oro, assistant professor Francesco Restuccia and professor Tommaso Melodia were awarded a patent for ‘Methods for the Enforcement of Network Slicing Policies in Virtualized Cellular Networks.'”

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘A Gradient of Unisons: The Emergent Superunit in Collective Action’

    “As design practice shifts from designing material goods to shaping and facilitating social situations, there is a compelling need to develop a richer understanding of specific social relations as facilitated by design. This article explores bodied unisons—enkinaesthetic entrainments of self + other. We present these unison acts as identifiable patterns of behavior that are observable when people coordinate, patterns that foster a move from individual to superunit.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Design Issues.

    Learn more

  • ‘Quasi-Fermi Liquid Behavior in a One-Dimensional System of Interacting Spinless Fermions’

    “We present numerical evidence for a paradigm in one-dimensional interacting fermion systems, whose phenomenology has traits of both Luttinger liquids and Fermi liquids. This state, dubbed a quasi-Fermi liquid, possesses a discontinuity in its fermion occupation number at the Fermi momentum. The excitation spectrum presents particlelike quasiparticles and absence of holelike quasiparticles, giving rise instead to edge singularities.” Find the paper and full list of authors at Physical Review B.

    Learn more

  • ‘Rigor With Machine Learning From Field Theory to the Poincaré Conjecture’

    ,

    “Despite their successes, machine learning techniques are often stochastic, error-prone and blackbox. How could they then be used in fields such as theoretical physics and pure mathematics for which error-free results and deep understanding are a must? In this Perspective, we discuss techniques for obtaining zero-error results with machine learning, with a focus on theoretical physics and pure mathematics. Non-rigorous methods can enable rigorous results via conjecture generation or verification by reinforcement learning. We survey applications of these techniques-for-rigor ranging from string theory to the smooth 4D Poincaré conjecture in low-dimensional topology.” Find the authors list in Nature Reviews: Physics.

    Learn more

    , ,
  • Müftü and Özdemir receive Army Research Laboratory grant

    ,

    “Sinan Müftü, College of Engineering distinguished professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, and Ozan Özdemir, assistant professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, are leading a team that was awarded a $4.38 million grant from the Army Research Laboratory to advance wire-arc direct energy deposition for large-format metal additive manufacturing.”

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Carvings in Stone: Design Research for Public Health Investigations in the Age of COVID-19’

    , , , ,

    “The COVID-19 pandemic presented complex challenges to public health research involving human subjects, necessitating creative thinking to maintain safe and productive qualitative data collection. In this paper, we describe how an interdisciplinary team overcame these challenges by translating in-person workshops into at-home design probes to explore connections between university students’ climate change attitudes and their health. … This case study provides insight into how pandemic-imposed restrictions presented a novel opportunity to reconceptualize how we collect qualitative data in public health research and summarizes the unique benefits of integrating such design-based approaches.” Find the paper and authors list at Design for…

    Learn more

    , ,
  • Zhang receives NSF grant to harness magnonic nonreciprocity

    “Electrical and computer engineering assistant professor Xufeng Zhang, in collaboration with Boston University, was awarded a $420,000 NSF grant for ‘Harnessing Magnonic Nonreciprocity Through Dissipation Engineering.’ This project will investigate the principals of energy dissipation in magnonic systems and engineering approaches for manipulating dissipations.”

    Learn more

  • ‘An Empirical Study of How Service Designers Use Metrics’

    ,

    “Scholars have advocated for the importance of evaluation in service design, proposing comprehensive frameworks for such integration in design processes. This research seeks to complement existing theoretical studies by providing empirical insights into the utilization of metrics by practicing service designers. Our study presents findings derived from a global survey and in-depth interviews conducted with service designers from eleven countries.” Find the paper and full list of authors at She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation.

    Learn more

  • Book chapter: ‘Sustainability: A Business Case for Adoption’

    “A central focus of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is poverty elimination. However, given that poverty is both an input and outcome of our present economic system, there appears to be a contradiction in the expectation for businesses to operationalize the SDGs. … This discussion highlights the relationship between the United Nations Global Compact as an SDG integration tool for businesses and the use of corporate social responsibility reporting and the environmental, social and governance attribution as business marketing channels to promote sustainability branding.” Find the chapter and full list of authors in “Sustainability in Business Education, Research and Practices.”

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Modeling Benefits and Tradeoffs of Green Infrastructure: Evaluating and Extending Parsimonious Models for Neighborhood Stormwater Planning’

    ,

    “Green infrastructure is often proposed to complement conventional urban stormwater management systems that are stressed by extreme storms and expanding impervious surfaces. Established hydrological and hydraulic models inform stormwater engineering but are time- and data-intensive or aspatial, rendering them inadequate for rapid exploration of solutions. Simple spreadsheet models support quick site plan assessments but cannot adequately represent spatial interactions beyond a site. The present study builds on the Landscape Green Infrastructure Design (L-GrID) Model, a process-based spatial model that enables rapid development and exploration of green infrastructure scenarios to mitigate neighborhood flooding.” Find the paper at Heliyon.

    Learn more

    ,
  • ‘Participatory Modeling for Collaborative Landscape and Environmental Planning: From Potential to Realization’

    “Participatory modeling is a collaborative approach to formalize shared representations of a problem and, through the joint modeling process, design and test solutions. This approach is particularly well-suited to address complex socio-environmental problems like climate change and its implications on equitable and sustainable resource management and landscape planning. Despite its potential to inform landscape and environmental planning and policy, participatory modeling has yet to become a mainstream practice in our field. … I identify some of these gaps and suggest an interdisciplinary research agenda to further evolve and scale up this practice.” Find the paper at Landscape and Urban Planning.

    Learn more

    ,
  • Ghoreishi receives funding to study AI in harsh environments

    “Fatemeh Ghoreishi, assistant professor of civil engineering, received a $60,000 grant from the U.S. Army for ‘BRITE: Bayesian Inference and Preference Learning for Unknown and Time-Sensitive Environments’ to further [her] research on AI systems in unpredictable environments.”

    Learn more

    , ,