In the typical hate crime, a group of bored and idle youngsters go out on a Saturday night to search for vulnerable victims to bash. They might, for example, look for someone who is gay or Asian. If they can’t locate their primary target, they might instead assault someone Latino, Muslim, Catholic, Jewish, disabled, homeless, black or white.

Hatemongers typically don’t specialize. They have a hitlist based on their enemies’ race, religion, national origin, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, and disability status. The presence of any group on their list is regarded as a threat to the hatemonger’s economic well-being, religious values, sexual identity, or physical survival. They reason: All Muslims are terrorists; all Jews are mercenary; all gays are immoral; and so on. The violent response is often regarded by the hatemonger as defensive: he must eliminate the enemy to safeguard his neighborhood, workplace, community, campus, or country.