Violence, beyond black & white: When looking closely at recent mass violence motivated by group hatred, a more complex picture emerges
New York Daily News - 06/22/2015
Last week’s murder of nine African Americans at a historic church in Charleston may seem like a continuation of a terrible trend — hate-motivated murder of blacks — albeit with an unusually large victim count. That would be true were we back in the civil-rights era of the 1960s, when such hate killings almost exclusively involved whites killing blacks (or their sympathizers).
In 1963, for example, four black girls were killed when the Ku Klux Klan planted dynamite beneath the front steps of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. In June 1964, three civil rights workers — two white and one black — were abducted and shot to death in Neshoba County, Miss., by members of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.