Making Computers Explain Themselves
Scientific Computing - 10/31/2016
In unpublished work, they’ve applied it to thousands of pathology reports on breast biopsies, where it has learned to extract text explaining the bases for the pathologists’ diagnoses. They’re even using it to analyze mammograms, where the first module extracts sections of images rather than segments of text.
“There’s a lot of hype now — and rightly so — around deep learning, and specifically deep learning for natural-language processing,” says Byron Wallace, an assistant professor of computer and information science at Northeastern University. “But a big drawback for these models is that they’re often black boxes. Having a model that not only makes very accurate predictions but can also tell you why it’s making those predictions is a really important aim.”