Boston school desegregation and busing: A timeline of events
WBUR - 09/05/2014
September 1974 marked the start of a new school year unlike any that Boston had ever seen. It was the beginning of court-ordered school desegregation and Boston was catapulted into a state of turmoil. Forty years later, we are still feeling the reverberations.
In the summer of 1974, District Court Judge Arthur W. Garrity ruled that the Boston School Committee had deliberately engaged in school segregation, an unconstitutional act following 1954′s Brown v. Board of Education ruling. To achieve racial balance in the schools, the court mandated that students be bused to schools in surrounding neighborhoods to alter the racial makeup of those schools.